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Seva Hami Kayda 2015: A Guide to the Nepali Civil Service Act
The Seva Hami Kayda 2015, or the Civil Service Act 2015, is a legal document that regulates the recruitment, appointment, promotion, transfer, discipline, and retirement of civil servants in Nepal. The act was enacted by the Parliament of Nepal on 20 August 2015 and came into effect on 4 September 2015. The act aims to make the civil service more efficient, accountable, transparent, and inclusive.
The act has 12 chapters and 97 sections that cover various aspects of the civil service, such as the classification of posts, the formation of commissions and committees, the criteria and procedures for selection and evaluation, the rights and duties of civil servants, the code of conduct and ethics, the grievance handling and appeal mechanism, the disciplinary action and penalties, and the retirement benefits and pension. The act also provides for affirmative action and reservation for women, Dalits, indigenous people, Madhesis, Tharus, Muslims, people with disabilities, and people from backward regions.
The act has been hailed as a progressive and reformative step towards improving the governance and administration of Nepal. However, it has also faced some criticism and challenges from various quarters. Some of the issues raised by the critics include the lack of clarity and consistency in some provisions, the potential for politicization and nepotism in appointments and transfers, the inadequate representation and protection of marginalized groups, and the lack of implementation and monitoring mechanisms.
The Seva Hami Kayda 2015 is a key document for anyone who wants to understand or join the civil service of Nepal. It is available online in both Nepali and English languages. You can download the PDF version of the act for free from the following links:
Civil Service Act 2015 (English)
Seva Hami Kayda 2015 (Nepali)
One of the major changes introduced by the Seva Hami Kayda 2015 is the establishment of the Civil Service Commission (CSC), which is an independent and autonomous constitutional body that oversees the civil service. The CSC is responsible for conducting examinations and interviews, recommending candidates for appointment and promotion, transferring civil servants, conducting performance appraisal and training, and ensuring compliance with the code of conduct and ethics. The CSC consists of a chairperson and four members appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council.
Another important feature of the Seva Hami Kayda 2015 is the provision of reservation and inclusion for various groups in the civil service. The act allocates 45 percent of the total vacancies for women, Dalits, indigenous people, Madhesis, Tharus, Muslims, people with disabilities, and people from backward regions. The act also ensures that at least one-third of the total civil servants are women. The act aims to promote diversity and representation in the civil service and to address the historical discrimination and exclusion faced by these groups.
However, the Seva Hami Kayda 2015 also faces some challenges and limitations in its implementation and effectiveness. Some of the challenges include the lack of adequate human and financial resources, the resistance from some civil servants and political parties, the influence of unions and associations, the gap between policy and practice, and the frequent changes in government and bureaucracy. The act also needs to be updated and revised to reflect the changing needs and realities of the civil service and the country. 248dff8e21